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Jožef Stefan
International
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10
Email: info@mps.si

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Course Description

Stress responses in marine environment (ECO3)

Program

Ecotechnology, third-level study programme

Lecturers:

doc. dr. Andreja Ramšak
prof. dr. Valentina Turk
prof. dr. Alenka Malej

Goals:

Development of critical thinking and analytical approach to solve complex problems of pollution in the marine environment, searching the literature and databases, selection and appropriate use of relevant data and information to solve the problems in coastal and marine ecosystem.

Content:

Introduction to estuarine and coastal ecosystem.
Human influences on coastal zone and resource use, environmental indicators and DPSIR framework.
Marine pollution and coastal water quality (sources and impacts of pollution, monitoring).
Understanding of ecological stress evoked in marine organisms by different environmental factors and its meaning for individual, population, species level.
Introduction to main mechanisms against stress at cellular level to abiotic stress factors (heat, cold, salinity, hypoxia, drought) in marine organisms (e. g. mollusc and fish; important in human consumption).
Toxic substances as stress factors and response at molecular level in marine organisms.
Genetically dependent response to stress (microevolution, resistance and tolerance to toxic substances).
Field work: Practical work on field to collect and record data on physico-chemical parameters, collection of organisms of interest, morphology and adaptations in mussels as model organism.

Role of microorganisms in coastal and estuarine ecosystems. The response of marine microbial communities to environmental perturbations, and climatic changes; The relationships between biodiversity, food webs, and biogeochemical cycling.

Course literature:

Castro P. & M.E. Huber, 2005. Marine Biology, 5th edition, 452 pp.
C. J. Sinderman, 2006. Coastal Pollution. Effects on Living Resources and Humans. CRC Press, Taylor &Francis Group, ISBN 0849396778
N. M. van Straalen and D. Roelofs, 2006. Introduction to Ecological Genomics, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-856671-9.
A. Lowe, S. Harris and P. Ashton, 2004. Ecological Genetics: Design, Analysis, and Application, Blackwell Publishing, ISBN: 1405100338
D. Brock: Biology of Microorganisms (1970) – 10. izdaja (2006)
D. L Kirchman(Ed.).: Microbial Ecology of the Oceans (2008) 2nd.ed. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, New Jersey

Significant publications and references:

Ramšak Andreja
RAMŠAK, Andreja, STOPAR, Katja, SEPČIĆ, Kristina, BERDEN ZRIMEC, Maja, BAJT, Oliver, MALEJ, Alenka. Reflection of hydrocarbon pollution on hepatic EROD activity in the black goby (Gobius niger). Environ Toxicol Pharmacol. [Print ed.], 2007, letn. 24, št. 3, str. 304-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2007.08.001. [COBISS.SI-ID 1757519], [JCR]
RAMŠAK, Andreja, STOPAR, Katja, MALEJ, Alenka. Comparative phylogeography of meroplanktonic species, Aurelia spp. and Rhizostoma pulmo (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa) in European seas. Hydrobiologia (Den Haag), 2012, v tisku, str. 1-12, doi: 10.1007/s10750-012-1053-9. [COBISS.SI-ID 2521167], [JCR]

Alenka Malej
STOPAR, Katja, RAMŠAK, Andreja, TRONTELJ, Peter, MALEJ, Alenka. Lack of genetic structure in the jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca (Cnidaria: Scyphozoa: Semaeostomeae) across European seas. Mol. phylogenet. evol. (Print), 2010, issue 1, vol.57, str. 417-428, doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.07.004. [COBISS.SI-ID 2249295], [JCR]
GREGO, Mateja, DE TROCH, Marleen, FORTE, Janez, MALEJ, Alenka. Main meiofauna taxa as an indicator for assessing the spatial and seasonal impact of fish farming. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 2009, šT. 8, str. 1178-1186, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.03.020. [COBISS.SI-ID 1972303], [JCR, WoS, št. citatov do 6. 4. 2012: 6, brez avtocitatov: 5, normirano št. citatov: 3]

Valentina Turk
TURK, Valentina, HAGSTRÖM, Ake, KOVAČ, Nives, FAGANELI, Jadran. Composition and function of mucilage macroaggregates in the northern Adriatic. Aquatic microbial ecology, 2010, vol. 61, št. 3, str. 279-289, doi: 10.3354/ame01447. [COBISS.SI-ID 2292815], [JCR]
TANG, Kam W., TURK, Valentina, GROSSART, Hans-Peter. Linkage between crustacean zooplankton and aquatic bacteria. Aquatic microbial ecology, 2010, vol. 61, no. 3, str. 261-277, doi: 10.3354/ame01424. [COBISS.SI-ID 2256207], [JCR]

Examination:

Seminar 75%
Writing exam 25%

Students obligations:

Seminar
Writing exam

Links: