MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jožef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Fuel Cells


Ecotechnologies, third-level study programme


prof. dr. Ingrid Milošev
dr. Nejc Hodnik


Students acquire:
• introductory knowledge on energy pathways based on non-renewable and renewable primary energy sources,
• knowledge how to compare the efficiency of these pathways applied to some final consumer (mobile and stationary use) based on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA),
• basic knowledge of hydrogen economy,
• knowledge of principles of fuel cell work and classification of fuel cell types,
• detailed knowledge about construction and work of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (PEMFC),
• knowledge and skills to perform experiments with hydrogen/oxygen PEMFC and Direct Methanol Fuel Cell (DMFC) on test station.


• Thermodynamic cycle processes
- Carnot’s law
• Definition of energy and power density
- Ragon plot
• Lyfe Cycle Assessment (LCA) – what is it?
- Examples of »Cradle-to-grave« and »well-to-wheel« analyses
• Hydrogen as chemical element: physico-chemical properties
- Processes for hydrogen production and purification
• Fuel cells
- Principles of functioning
- Types of fuel cells
• Detailed description of PEMFC and DMFC functioning
- Materials in PEMFC
- Cell voltage contributions
- Catalyst stability and durability
- Electrolyte (membrane) stability
• Construction and work of PEMFC
- Electrode
- Electrolyte (membrane)
- Membrane-electrode assembly (MEA)
- Bipolar plates
- Fuel cell stack
• Fuel cell systems
- Stationary
- Mobile
- Portable
• Comparison with other technologies
• EU regulations and standards for the use of hydrogen and fuel cells-based systems

Course literature:

I. Books
1. K. J. Vetter, “Electrochemical Kinetics, Theoretical and Experimental Aspects”, Academic Press, New York, 1967
2. J. O’M. Bockris, S. Srinivasan, “Fuel Cells: Their Electrochemistry”, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1969
3. D. J. Pickett, »Electrochemical Reactor Design«, , Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1977
4. A. J. Appleby, F. R. Foulkes, »Fuel Cell Handbook«, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1988
5. G. Prentice, »Electrochemical Engineering Principles«, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, 1991
6. J. O'M. Bockris, A. K. N Reddy, »Modern Electrochemistry«, Vols. 1, 2A, 2B, (2nd edition), Springer, New York 1998-2001
7. J. Larminie, A. Dicks, »Fuel Cell Systems Explained«, J. Wiley & Sons, Chicester, 2003
8. W. Vielstich, A. Lamm, H. A. Gasteiger, »Handbook of Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Technology, and Applications«, 4 volumes, J. Wiley & Sons, Chicester, 2003
9. S. Hočevar, “Hydrogen production and cleaning from renewable feedstock«, Chapter in a book »Renewable resources and renewable energy : a global challenge M. Graziani, P. Fornasiero (Eds.), Boca Raton [USA]: CRC Press, cop. 2007, str. 157-196.
10. S. Hočevar and W. Summers, »Production of Hydrogen« Chapter in a book »Hydrogen Technology« A. Leon, H. Hahn (Eds.), Springer Verlag, 2007/2008 in preparation
II. Papers
11. T. Thampana, S. Malhotra, J. Zhang, R. Datta, »PEM fuel cell as a membrane reactor«, Catalysis Today 67 (2001) 15–32
12. A. Burnham, M. Wang, and Y. Wu, »Development and Applications of GREET 2.7 —
The Transportation Vehicle-Cycle Model«, Report No. ANL/ESD/06-5, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, November 2006

Significant publications and references:

1. ŽERJAV, Gregor, LANZUTTI, Alex, ANDREATTA, Francesco, FEDRIZZI, Lorenzo, MILOŠEV, Ingrid. Characterization of self-assembled layers made with stearic acid, benzotriazole, or 2-mercaptobenzimidazole on surface of copper for corrosion protection in simulated urban rain. Materials and corrosion, ISSN 0947-5117, Jan. 2017, vol. 68, iss. 1, str. 30-41., doi: 10.1002/maco.201608954. [COBISS.SI-ID 5935642], [JCR, Scopus do 18. 7. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0]
2. MILOŠEV, Ingrid, KOVAČEVIĆ, Nataša, KOKALJ, Anton. Effect of mercapto and methyl groups on the efficiency of imidazole and benzimidazole-based inhibitors of iron corrosion. Acta chimica slovenica, ISSN 1318-0207. [Tiskana izd.], 2016, vol. 63, no. 3, str. 544-559, doi: 10.17344/acsi.2016.2326. [COBISS.SI-ID 29784871], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 16. 12. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0, Scopus do 28. 9. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0]
3. MILOŠEV, Ingrid, RODIČ, Peter. Cerium chloride and acetate salts as corrosion inhibitors for aluminium alloy AA7075-T6 in sodium chloride solution. Corrosion, ISSN 0010-9312. [Print ed.], 2016, vol. 72, no. 8, str. 1021-1034, doi: 10.5006/1956. [COBISS.SI-ID 29450535], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 13. 10. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0, Scopus do 6. 8. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0]
4. TREBŠE, Rihard, MIHELIČ, Anže, LEVAŠIČ, Vesna, CÖR, Andrej, MILOŠEV, Ingrid. Results of revision of total hip arthroplasty for alumina ceramic-on-ceramic bearing fracture. Hip international, ISSN 1120-7000, 2016, vol. 26, no. 3, str. 237-243., doi: 10.5301/hipint.5000340. [COBISS.SI-ID 29452071], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 25. 12. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 1, čistih citatov (CI): 1, Scopus do 29. 12. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 1, čistih citatov (CI): 1]
5. COVACIU ROMONŢI, D., ISKRA, Jernej, BELE, Marjan, DEMETRESCU, Ioana, MILOŠEV, Ingrid. Elaboration and characterization of fluorohydroxyapatite and fluoroapatite sol-gel coatings on CoCrMo alloy. Journal of alloys and compounds, ISSN 0925-8388. [Print ed.], 2016, vol. 665, str. 355-364, doi: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.01.072. [COBISS.SI-ID 29240871], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 27. 2. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0, Scopus do 6. 2. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0]
6. HODNIK, Nejc, DEHM, Gerhard, MAYRHOFER, Karl. Importance and challenges of electrochemical in situ liquid cell electron microscopy for energy conversion research. Accounts of chemical research, ISSN 0001-4842. [Print ed.], Sep. 2016, vol. 49, iss. 9, str. 2015-2022., doi: 10.1021/acs.accounts.6b00330. [COBISS.SI-ID 5981210], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 13. 10. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0, Scopus do 9. 10. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0]
7. GATALO, Matija, JOVANOVIČ, Primož, POLYMEROS, George, GROTE, Jan-Phillip, PAVLIŠIČ, Andraž, RUIZ-ZEPEDA, Francisco, ŠELIH, Vid Simon, ŠALA, Martin, HOČEVAR, Samo B., BELE, Marjan, MAYRHOFER, Karl, HODNIK, Nejc, GABERŠČEK, Miran. Positive effect of surface doping with Au on the stability of Pt-based electrocatalysts. ACS catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, Feb. 2016, vol. 6, iss. 3, str. 1630-1634., doi: 10.1021/acscatal.5b02883. [COBISS.SI-ID 5864218], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 22. 1. 2017: št. citatov (TC): 6, čistih citatov (CI): 4, Scopus do 29. 1. 2017: št. citatov (TC): 6, čistih citatov (CI): 4]
8. PAVLIŠIČ, Andraž, JOVANOVIČ, Primož, ŠELIH, Vid Simon, ŠALA, Martin, BELE, Marjan, DRAŽIĆ, Goran, ARČON, Iztok, HOČEVAR, Samo B., KOKALJ, Anton, HODNIK, Nejc, GABERŠČEK, Miran. Atomically resolved dealloying of structurally ordered Pt nanoalloy as an oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalyst. ACS catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, Aug. 2016, vol. 6, iss. 8, str. 5530-5534., doi: 10.1021/acscatal.6b00557. [COBISS.SI-ID 5951258], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 29. 9. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0, Scopus do 20. 8. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0]
9. MEZZAVILLA, Stefano, BALDIZZONE, Claudio, SWERTZ, Ann-Christin, HODNIK, Nejc, PIZZUTILO, Enrico, POLYMEROS, George, KEELEY, Gareth P., KNOSSALLA, Johannes, HEGGEN, Marc, MAYRHOFER, Karl, SCHÜTH, Ferdi. Structure-activity-stability relationships for space-confined Pt [sub] xNi [sub] y nanoparticles in the oxygen reduction reaction. ACS catalysis, ISSN 2155-5435, Dec. 2016, vol. 6, iss. 12, str. 8058-8068., doi: 10.1021/acscatal.6b02221. [COBISS.SI-ID 6032154], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 6. 1. 2017: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0, Scopus do 24. 12. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0]
10. JOVANOVIČ, Primož, ŠELIH, Vid Simon, ŠALA, Martin, HOČEVAR, Samo B., RUIZ-ZEPEDA, Francisco, HODNIK, Nejc, BELE, Marjan, GABERŠČEK, Miran. Potentiodynamic dissolution study of PtRu/C electrocatalyst in the presence of methanol. Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686. [Print ed.], Sep. 2016, vol. 211, str. 851-859. pdf?_tid=d347fd36-4e70-11e6-922e-00000aab0f27&acdnat=1469015897_818cc654a0be2f2a41d9b06b400dbdf7, doi: 10.1016/j.electacta.2016.06.109. [COBISS.SI-ID 5942810], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 27. 11. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 1, čistih citatov (CI): 0, Scopus do 1. 12. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 1, čistih citatov (CI): 0]
11. HODNIK, Nejc, BALDIZZONE, Claudio, POLYMEROS, George, GEIGER, Simon, GROTE, Jan-Phillip, CHEREVKO, Serhiy, MINGERS, Andrea, ZERADJANIN, Aleksandar, MAYRHOFER, Karl. Platinum recycling going green via induced surface potential alteration enabling fast and efficient dissolution. Nature communications, ISSN 2041-1723, Oct. 2016, vol. 7, str. 1-6, ilustr., doi: 10.1038/ncomms13164. [COBISS.SI-ID 6027290], [JCR, SNIP, WoS do 11. 11. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0, Scopus do 30. 11. 2016: št. citatov (TC): 0, čistih citatov (CI): 0]


Seminar work and oral exam (100%)

Students obligations:

Seminar work and oral exam