MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jožef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Cognitive Sciences


Information and Communication Technologies, third-level study programme


prof. dr. Matjaž Gams
dr. Vedrana Vidulin


The basic goal is to foster knowledge and capability of applying cognitive methods and techniques into computer and robotic systems.
The second goal is to improve knowledge of cognitive approaches and architectures.
One of the course objectives is to improve knowledge of interdisciplinary viewpoints on selected cognitive concepts from lower-level to higher-level systems, architectures and modules.
Various cognitive techniques and methods including cognitive agents enable constructing computer methods simulating cognitive functions.
The students will master the basics of cognitive sciences and will be capable of using selected tools, methods, techniques and architectures of cognitive systems.


Scientific Method:
scientific knowledge structures, scientific

introduction to cognitive sciences as studies of the mind and intelligence from the interdisciplinary viewpoint
introduction to the mind, consciousness, feelings, subconsciousness, qualia, psychology, other approaches
relation to artificial intelligence and intelligent systems

Cognitive paradoxes and concepts:
Turing test, TT, TTT, TTTT
Chinese Searl's room, Einstein's book
principle and paradox of multiple knowledge
easy and hard question

Cognitive architectures:
theoretical foundations, overview
subsystem architectures
type 1 architectures
type 2 architectures
low/ and high/level architectures

Cognitive techniques and methods:
modeling of cognition
logic, rules, concepts, analogies, associations, connections
cognitive agents
practical use of cognitive techniques and tools

Practical exercises:
Practical use of selected cognitive techniques and tools

Course literature:

Selected chapters from the following books:

• L. Bermudez. Cognitive Science: An Introduction to the Science of the Mind, Cambridge University Press, 2014. ISBN 9780521708371
• P. Thagard. The Cognitive Science of Science: Explanation, Discovery, and Conceptual Change, MIT, 2014. ISBN 978-0262017282
• M.S. Gazzaniga, and G.R. Mangun. The Cognitive Neurosciences, MIT, 2014. ISBN 978-0393913484
• C.P. Sobel, and P. Li. The Cognitive Sciences: An Interdisciplinary Approach, SAGE Publications, 2013. ISBN 978-1412997164
• Y. Wang. Cognitive Informatics for Revealing Human Cognition: Knowledge, Manipulations in Natural Intelligence, IGI Global, 2012. ISBN 978-1466624764

Significant publications and references:

• M. Gams, M. Horvat, M. Ožek, M. Luštrek, and Aa Gradišek. “Integrating artificial and human intelligence into tablet production process.” AAPS PharmSciTech, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 1147-1453, 2014.
• V. Mirchevska, M. Luštrek, and M. Gams. “Combining domain knowledge and machine learning for robust fall detection.” Expert systems, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 163-175, 2014.
• V. Vidulin, M. Bohanec, and M. Gams. “Combining human analysis and machine data mining to obtain credible data relations.” Information sciences, vol. 288, pp. 254-278, 2014.
• E. Dovgan, M. Javorski, T. Tušar, M. Gams, and B. Filipič. “Comparing a multiobjective optimization algorithm for discovering driving strategies with humans.” Expert systems with applications, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 2687-2695, 2013.
• M Gams. “Alan Turing, Turing machines and stronger.” Informatica, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 9-14, 2013.


Seminar work (80%)
Oral defense (20%)

Students obligations:

Seminar work and oral defense.