MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jožef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Radio Waves Propagation and Antennas


Information and Communication Technologies, second-level study programme


prof. dr. Tomaž Javornik


This course is an introduction to the problematic of radio wave propagation and antenna system and it is intended to provide students with understanding of radio wave propagation principles in terrestrial and satellite communications. Besides basic channel models of radio wave propagation, the most important channel models in cellular, satellite and broadcast telecommunication systems are given. At the end, an overview of advanced antenna technique in existing and emerging radio communication systems is presented.


electromagnetic spectrum,
radio systems
multiple accessed schemes

Properties of electromagnetic waves:
Maxwell equations,
plane waves,

Propagation mechanisms:
reflection, refraction and transmission
rough surface scattering
geometrical optics

Fading and shadowing:
narrowband fast fading
wideband fast fading

Antenna fundamentals:
antenna parameters
antenna arrays
horn, loop, helical and patch antennas

Propagation models:
basic models: free space loss, plane earth loss, link budget
models for cellular communication systems: Okumura Hata, COST231, 3GPP models
point to area channel models: ITU R P.1812, ITU-R P.1546

Satellite channel:
tropospheric effects: attenuation, reflection, sky noise
ionospheric effects: Faraday rotation, group delay, dispersion, ionospheric scintillation

Advanced topics:
multi antenna systems: MIMO systems, smart antennas, massive MIMO

Course literature:

Selected chapters from the following books:

• S. Saunders A. Zavala Antennas and Propagation for Wireless Communication Systems, 2nd Edition, A John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2007. ISBN 978-0-470-84879-0
• A. F. Molisch, Wireless Communications, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, West Sussex, 2010, ISBN 978-0-470-74186-3
• S. Haykin, Communication Systems, International Student Version, Wiley, 2009. ISBN 978-0-470-16996-4
• A. Paulraj, R. Nabar, D. Gore, Introduction to space-time wireless communications, Cambridge University Press, 2003. ISBN 0-521-82615-2
• C. A. Balanis, P. I. Ioannides, Introduction to Smart Antennas, Morgan & Claypool Publishers, Jan 1, 2007 - Technology & Engineering. ISBN 1598291769

Significant publications and references:

• A. Hrovat, G. Kandus, T. Javornik, " A survey of radio propagation modeling for tunnels" , IEEE Communications surveys and tutorials, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 658-669, 2014
• M. Pesko, T. Javornik, L. Vidmar, A. Košir, M. Štular, M. Mohorčič, “The indirect self-tuning method for constructing radio environment map using omnidirectional or directional transmitter antenna”, EURASIP Journal on wireless communications and networking, ISSN 1687-1499, [in press] 2015
• T. Celcer, G. Kandus, T. Javornik, “Adaptive utility-based scheduling algorithm for multiuser MIMO uplink”, EURASIP Journal on wireless communications and networking, (online), vol. 2011, no. 22, pp. 1-12, 2011,
• A. Hrovat, G. Kandus, T. Javornik, “Four-slope channel model for path loss prediction in tunnels at 400 MHz”, IET microwaves, antennas & propagation, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 571-582, 2010.
• I. Jelovčan, G. Kandus, T. Javornik, “An adaptive zero forcing 2010, maximum likelihood soft input soft output MIMO detector”, IEICE Transactions on Communications. vol. E92-B, no. 2, pp. 507-515. 2009


Seminar work (50%)
Oral defense of seminar work (50%)

Students obligations:

Seminar work and oral defense of seminar work.