MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jo˛ef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Ichthyology and Fisheries


Ecotechnologies, third-level study programme


prof. dr. Lovrenc Lipej


This course offers the basic knowledge on ichthyology as a special biological scientific discipline with special remark on fisheries biology as a direct application of ichthyology.
Students will achieve basic information on the biology and ecology of fishes and scientific methods, as well. Special attention is paid to the recently discovered techniques for sampling such as non-destructive techniques, which are suitable for studying marine protected areas.


Ichthyology and fisheries biology

• Definition. History of ichthyological research.
• Methods & techniques in ichthyology. SCUBA methods in ichthyology. Non-destructive visual techniques. Sampling of endolithic & cryptobenthic species. Sampling of cartilaginous fishes.
• Basic external fish morphology and anatomy. Biometry and meristics. Indetification methods.
• Life strategies. Reproductive ecology. Sexual dimorphosm and polymorphism. K vs r strategy.
• Feeding ecology. Generalist vs specialists. Techniques in diet research. Trophic levels.
• Why are there so many fish species? Fish zoogepography. Endemism.
• Ecological groups of fishes. Cryptobentnic species. Endolithic species.
• Fish guilds. Fish as ecological indicators.
• An introduction to fisheries biology. Fish living resources. Sustainable fisheries. Aquaculture.

Course literature:

Selected chapters from the following books:

Helfman, G.S. 2007. Fish Conservation: A Guide to Understanding and Restoring Global Aquatic Biodiversity and Fishery Resources. Island Press. Washington, USA.

Horn, M.H., Martin, K.L., Chotkowski, M.A. 1999. Intertidal fishes. Academic Press, USA

Lipej, L., Orlando-Bonaca, M., Makovec, T. 2009. Jadranske babice. MBP-NIB Monografije.

Tyus, H.M. 2011. Ecology and Conservation of Fishes. CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA

Scientific papers related to this topic in the Adriatic and Mediterranean areas.

Significant publications and references:

LIPEJ, Lovrenc, MAVRIČ, Borut, REŠEK, Snežna, CHERIF, Mourad, CAPAPÉ, Christian. Food and feeding habits of the blackspotted smooth-hound, Mustelus punctulatus (Elasmobranchii: Carcharhiniformes: Triakidae), from the Northern Adriatic. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria (Internet), 2011, vol. 41, no. 3, str. 171-177.

DULČIĆ, Jakov, DRAGIČEVIĆ, Branko, LIPEJ, Lovrenc. New record of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus Rathburn, 1896, (Decapoda: Brachyura) in the Adriatic Sea. Ann, Ser. hist. nat., 2010, št. 1, str. 23-28.

POLONIATO, Diego, CIRIACO, Saul, ODORICO, Roberto, DULČIĆ, Jakov, LIPEJ, Lovrenc. First record of the dusky spinefoot Siganus luridus (Rüppell, 1828) in the Adriatic Sea. Ann, Ser. hist. nat., 2010, vol. 20, št. 2, str. 161-166.

LIPEJ, Lovrenc, DULČIĆ, Jakov. Checklist of the Adriatic sea fishes, (Zootaxa, 2589). Auckland: Magnolia Press, 2010. 92 str. ISBN 978-1-86977-575-9.

MAVRIČ, Borut, URBANIČ, Gorazd, LIPEJ, Lovrenc, SIMBOURA, Nomiki. Influence of sample size on ecological status assessment using marine benthic invertebrate-based indices. Marine ecology, ISSN 0173-9565, 2013, vol. 34, issue 1, str. 72-79, doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2012.00526.x.

KRUŽIĆ, Petar, LIPEJ, Lovrenc, MAVRIČ, Borut, RODIĆ, Petra. Impact of bleaching on the coral Cladocora caespitosa in the eastern Adriatic sea. Marine ecology, Progress series, ISSN 0171-8630, 2014, vol. 509, str. 193-202, ilustr., doi: 10.3354/meps10962.

BELLO, Giambattista, CAUSSE, Romain, LIPEJ, Lovrenc, DULČIĆ, Jakov. A proposed best practice approach to overcome unverified and unverifiable " first records" in ichthyology. Cybium, ISSN 0399-0974, 2014, vol. 38, issue 1, str. 9-14.,


Seminar work (50%)
Oral defense of seminar work (50%)

Students obligations:

Seminar work.
Oral defense of seminar work.