MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jožef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Environmental Colloid Chemistry


Ecotechnologies, third-level study programme


prof. dr. Nives Ogrinc
prof. dr. Ivan Sondi


It concerns selected topics of fundamental of Colloid and Surface Chemistry. Introduction to physico-chemical processes at the solid/liquid (surfaces of colloids – aquatic system) interfaces. The course is devoted towards understanding their role in the chemical and biological reactions, mobility and transport of contaminants in natural environments and engineered aquatic systems.


Nature and properties of aquatic micro- and nanosize particles and recent instrumental techniques which can be used for their characterization. Suspended materials and sediments. Basic properties, structural and interfacial physico-chemical characteristics of colloids, clay minerals, carbonates, oxides, and oxyhydrates. Biomineralization and bio-inorganic colloids. Surface charge and potential and the electrochemical double/triple layer. Electrokinetics and the zeta-potential. Colloidal stability and the processes of aggregation of micro- and nanosize particles in natural aquatic environments. Basic physico-chemical processes of interaction of solid surfaces that catalyze, inhibit, or react with organic and inorganic compounds. Surface complexation at the solid/liquid interface. Contaminants and pollutants in natural waters. Micro- and nanosize colloids in processes of binding, transport, and deposition of pollutants in nature. The use of colloids to resolve some ecological problems.

Course literature:

Adamson A.W., 1990. Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, John Wiley

Stumm, W., 1992. Chemistry of the Solid-Water Interface. John Wiley. New York. 428 p.

Hunter, R.J., 2001. Foundations of Colloid Science. Oxford University Press. 806 p.

Wilkinson, K.J., Lead, J.R. (Eds.), 2007. Environmental Colloids and Particles: Behaviour, Separation and Characterization. IUPAC Series on Analytical and Physical Chemistry of Environmental Systems. Wiley, 687 p.

Buffle, J., van Leeuwen, H.P. (Eds.), 1992. Environmental Particles. Environmental Analytical and Physical Chemistry Series. Lewis Publisher, 554 p.

Droppo, I.G., Leppard, G.G., Liss, S.N., Milligan, T.G. (Eds.), 2005. Flocculation in Natural and Engineered Environmental Systems. CRC Press, 438 p.

Articles from: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Surface and Colloid Science, Advances in Colloid Interface Science, Langmuir, etc.

Significant publications and references:

TRKOV, Andrej, OGRINC, Nives, KOBAL, Ivan. Modeling surface complexation at the colloid/electrolyte interface. Comput. chem., 1992, vol. 16, 341-343.

OGRINC, Nives, TRKOV, Andrej, KOBAL, Ivan, MATIJEVIĆ, E. An interpretation of the interaction of cobalt ions with spherical hematite particles. Acta chim. slov., 1994, vol. 41, 417-435.

OGRINC, Nives, KOBAL, Ivan, MATIJEVIĆ, E., KALLAY, N. Adsorption of cations on colloidal oxide particles. Cobalt ions on hematite. V: PELIZZETTI, Ezio (ur.). Fine particles science and technology: from micro to nanoparticles, (NATO ASI series, Partnership sub-series, 3, High technology, vol. 12). Dordrecht; Boston; London: Kluwer Academic, 1996, 85-96.

ARČON, Iztok, OGRINC, Nives, KODRE, Alojz, FAGANELI, Jadran. EXAFS and XANES characterization of sedimentary iron in the Gulf of Trieste (N. Adriatic). J. synchrotron radiat., 1999, vol. 6, str. 659-660.

KOBAL, Ivan, BURGHAUS, Uwe, SENEGAČNIK, Marjan, OGRINC, Nives. Carbon-13 kinetic isotope effects in CO oxidatin by Ag. Langmuir, 1999, vol. 15, 5825-5828.

OGRINC, Nives, FONTOLAN, Giorgio, FAGANELI, Jadran, COVELLI, Stefano. Carbon and nitrogen isotope compositions of organic matter in coastal marine sediments (the Gulf of Trieste, N. Adriatic sea) : indicators of sources and preservation. Mar. Chem., 2005, vol. 95, 163-181.

SZRAMEK, Kathryn, MCINTOSH, Jennifer, WILLIAMS, Erika, KANDUČ, Tjaša, OGRINC, Nives, WALTER, Lynn M. Relative weathering intensity of calcite versus dolomite in carbonate-bearing temperature zone watersheds: carbonate geochemistry and fluxes from catchments within the St. Lawrence and Danube river basins. Geochem. geophys. geosyst., 2007, vol. 26, no. 4, 1-26.

H. TAMURA, J. CHIBA, M. ITO, T. TAKEDA, S. KIKKAWA, M. TABATA, Y. MAWATARI: Formation of Hydrotalcite in Aqueous Solutions and Intercalation of ATP by Anion Exchange, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2006, vol. 300, 1648-1654.

H. TAMURA, K. NAKAMURA, S. KIKKAWA, Ion-Exchange Properties of Tetratitanic Acid with a Layer Structure for Alkali Metal Ions, Electrochem., 2002, vol. 70, 530-535.

Hiroki TAMURA, Ion Complexation at Oxide-Solution Interfaces, Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science, Marcel Dekker, Inc., 2856-2875, 2002.

SONDI, Ivan, SALOPEK-SONDI, Branka. The influence of the primary structures of urease enzyme on the formation of CaCO3 polymorphs: A comparison of plant (Canavlia ensiformis) and bacterial (Bacillus pasteurii) ureases. Langmuir 2005, vol 21, 8876-8882.

SONDI, Ivan, ŠKAPIN, D. Srečo, SALOPEK-SONDI, Branka. Biomimetic precipitation of nanostructured colloidal calcite particles in the presence of magnesium ions. Cryst. growth des. 2008, vol 8, 435-441.

SONDI, Ivan, PRAVDIĆ, Velimir. Electrokinetics of clay particles. In: Interfacial Electrokinetics and Electrophoresis, (ur. Delgado, A. V.). 2001, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, Chapter 27, p 773-797.

SONDI, Ivan, PRAVDIĆ, Velimir. Electrokinetics of clay mineral surfaces. In: Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science, (ur. Hubard, A. T.). 2002, Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, p 1887-1893.


Seminar and oral exam.

Students obligations:

Seminar and oral exam.