MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jožef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Environmentally friendly functionalization of organic materials


Ecotechnologies, third-level study programme


prof. dr. Alenka Vesel
prof. dr. Miran Mozetič


Students gain knowledge on surface properties of organic materials, which depend predominantly on the type and concentration of functional groups on the surface of these materials. They get knowledge on modification of the surface of organic materials and methods for functionalization with different functional groups such as nitrogen (amino, amide), oxygen (hydroxyl, carbonyl, carboxyl) and halogene.
Students also get knowledge on methods for characterization of functional groups on the surface of organic materials and measuring hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of these materials.


• Surface energy and hydrophilicity
• Technologies for surface modification
• Plasma functionalization of organic materials
• Methods for surface characterization of organic materials
• Determination of the type and concentration of functional groups by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
• Specific features of XPS method for characterization of organic materials
• Interpretation of results
• Examples of XPS analyses of functionalized materials
• Laboratory work

Course literature:

• G. Beamson, D. Briggs, High Resolution XPS of Organic Polymers – The Scienta ESCA300 Database, Wiley, Chichester, 1992.

• C.-M. Chan, T.-M. Ko, H. Hiraoka, Polymer surface modification by plasmas and photons, Surf. Sci. Reports, 24 (1996) 1-54.

• A. Rudin, The Elements of Polymer Science and Engineering, Academic Press, London, 1998.

• J.F. Watts, J. Wolstenholme, An Introduction to Surface Analysis by XPS and AES, Wiley, Chichester, 2003.

• D. Briggs, M.P. Seah, Practical Surface Analysis, vol.1 Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Wiley, Chichester, 1990.

• F. Garbassi, M. Morra, E. Occhiello, Polymer Surfaces from Physics to Technology, Wiley, Chichester, 1998.

• D. Briggs, J.T. Grant, Surface Analysis by Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, IM Publications, Chichester, 2003.

• V. Nemanič, Vakuumska znanost in tehnika, DVTS, Ljubljana, 2003.

Significant publications and references:

• Mozetič Miran, Vesel Alenka, Cvelbar Uroš. Method and device for local functionalization of polymer materials, Patent WO 2006130122 (2006).

• Strnad Simona, Indest Tea, Laine Janne, Stana-Kleinschek Karin, Vesel Alenka, Dworczak Renate. Poliestrski biomaterial s površino, ki ima antitrombotične lastnosti, in postopek njegove izdelave, št. prijave 200700097, Ljubljana: Urad RS za intelektualno lastnino (2007).

• Vesel Alenka, Mozetič Miran. Behaviour of catalytic probe during surface activation of polyether sulphone, Vacuum 61 (2001) 373-377.

• Mozetič Miran, Cvelbar Uroš, Vesel Alenka, Ricard Andre, Babič Dušan, Poberaj Igor. A diagnostic method for real-time measurements of the density of nitrogen atoms in the postglow of an Ar-N2 discharge using a catalytic probe, J. Appl. Physic. 97 (2005) 103308-1-103308-7.

• Vesel Alenka, Mozetič Miran, Kovač Janez, Zalar Anton. XPS study of the deposited Ti layer in a magnetron-type sputter ion pump, Appl. Surf. Sci. 253 (2006) 2941-2946.

• Balat-Pichelin Marianne, Vesel Alenka. Neutral oxygen atom density in the MESOX air plasma solar furnace facility, Chem. Phys. 327 (2006) 112-118.

• Krstulović Nikša, Labazan Irena, Milošević Slobodan, Cvelbar Uroš, Vesel Alenka, Mozetič Miran. Optical emission spectroscopy characterization of oxygen plasma during treatment of a PET foil, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39 (2006) 3799-3804.

• Mozetič Miran, Vesel Alenka, Cvelbar Uroš, Ricard Andre. An iron catalytic probe for determination of the O-atom density in an Ar/O2 afterglow, Plasma Chem. Plasma Process, 26 (2006) 103-117.

• Vesel Alenka, Mozetič Miran, Drenik Aleksander, Milošević Slobodan, Krstulović Nikša, Balat-Pichelin, Marianne, Poberaj Igor, Babič Dušan, Cleaning of porous aluminium titanate by oxygen plasma. Plasma Chem. Plasma Process, 26 (2006) 577-584.

• Vesel Alenka, Mozetič Miran, Hladnik Aleš, Dolenc Jožica, Zule Janja, Milošević Slobodan, Krstulović Nikša, Klanjšek-Gunde, Marta, Hauptman Nina. Modification of ink-jet paper by oxygen-plasma treatment. J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40 (2007) 3689-2696.

• Vrlinič Tjaša, Vesel Alenka, Cvelbar Uroš, Krajnc Matjaž, Mozetič Miran. Rapid surface functionalization of poly(ethersulphone) foils using a highly reactive oxygen-plasma tretament, Surf. Interface Anal. 39 (2007) 476-481.

• Vesel Alenka, Mozetič Miran, Balat-Pichelin Marianne. Oxygen atom density in microwave oxygen plasma, Vacuum 81 (2007) 1088-1093.


Seminar and oral exam, in which the candidate demonstrates his/her knowledge and understanding of the essential course content, and presents how this new knowledge can be included in his/her research project – in front of the course leader and postgraduate's project

Students obligations:

• experimental work
• seminar