MPŠ
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Jo˛ef Stefan
International
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10
Email: info@mps.si

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Course Description

Solar Energy, Geothermal Energy, Hydrogen Economy

Program

Ecotechnologies, third-level study programme

Lecturers:

prof. dr. Peter Novak

Goals:

The first goal is to inform the students about importance of the renewable energy for the future development and existence of the humanity. Solar and planetary energy are only two durable and sustainable sources, which can cover, using present and technologies in development, all energy needs of humanity without significant emissions. How to approach to the research and which are the basic sciences and accesses to eliminate the obstacles and make them competitive with fossil fuels is the second important goal. Third goal is to inform the students with the hydrogen technology and economy showing them that hydrogen is one excellent energy carrier, but not excellent fuel. Hydrogen economy is close connected with sustainable production of electricity or with other words with nuclear and solar energy conversion in electricity. Water electrolysis is most effective technology for production of hydrogen and oxygen using large amount of cheap electricity. Trough seminar and self-standing learning student will work on practical application of these energy sources. Mining the present achievement in the world literature students will prepare him for the practical work and possible future PhD study.

Content:

1. Solar energy
A review of solar radiation, solar resource distribution, and seasonal variation. Other form of solar energy: wind, hydro, vaves,biomase. Solar thermal conversion: power plants (CSP). Solar water heating systems. Solar architectural designs. Solar electricity, physics, design and characteristics of PV cells. Multilayer solar cells; photovoltaic collectors and systems. Case studies from Europe and the U.S. Energy efficiency, costs and environmental impact assessments. Future prospects of solar energy on the world.

2. Geothermal energy
A review of the main characteristics of geothermal systems - low-temperature and high-temperature geothermal fields. Brief overview of the methodology of geothermal exploration and exploitation. Geothermal resource utilization in Slovenia, Iceland and elsewhere. Geothermal district heating systems, geothermal heat pumps, and power plants; combined heat and power systems (CHP). Energy efficiency, costs and environmental impact assessments. Future prospects of geothermal energy.

3. Hydrogen Technology and Economy
Electrolysis of water; advanced electrolysers; other sources of hydrogen; reforming systems (reforming of for example carbohydrates such as natural gas, bio fuels, alcohols and various other gases). Hydrogen safety. Application of solar and geothermal energy to hydrogen production. Purification techniques. System optimization. Hydrogen storage: compressed gaseous hydrogen (CGH2); liquid hydrogen (LH2); hydrogen stored as methanol (CH3OH) and other alcohols and carbohydrate fuels. Metal hydrides, complex hydrides and chemical bound storage. New materials and advanced technologies for the storage of hydrogen – light metal alloys; production of thin films in search of better hydrogen storage; use of nanotechnology and applied surface science research for hydrogen storage. Economic aspect of present evelopment of technologies.

Course literature:

1. F. Kreith, J.F. Kreidler: Principles of Solar Engineering, Hemisphere Publ. Co. 1978
2. J.A. Duffie, W.A. Beckman: Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, John Willey and Sons, 1991
3. European Passive Handbook, DG XII, 1986
4. RETScreen International, Clean Energy Decision Support Centre, Canada (www.retscreen.net)
5. The State of Geothermal Technology Part I: Subsurface Technology, Mark A. Taylor, 2007; Part II: Surface Technology, Alyssa Kagel, 2008, Geothermal Energy Association (www.geo-energy.org)
6. Vikipedia-Hydrogen
7. Joseph J. Romm: The Hype about Hydrogen: Fact and Fiction in the Race to Save the Climate published in 2004 by Island Press and updated in 2005.
8. Ulf Bossel et all:The Future of the Hydrogen Economy: Bright or Bleak?, 2005, forum@efcf.com

Significant publications and references:

1. S. Medved, P. Novak: 1980, Window Area Design for Passive Solar Heating, 6 pp, Proc., 3. Conf. SITHOK, Ljubljana, Sn
2. OMAN, Janez, NOVAK, Peter. 1986, Optical heat exchanger by parabolic receivers of solar energy. In: MORI, Yasuo (ur.), SHEINDLIN, A. E. (ur.), AFGAN, Naim (ur.). High temperature heat exchangers, (Proceedings of the International Centre for Heat and Mass Transfer, 22). Washington; New York; London: Hemisphere; Berlin [etc.]: Springer, Str. 457-468. [COBISS-ID 2620955]
3. OMAN, Janez, NOVAK, Peter, TUMA, Matija: 1990, Application of anthracite particles for gas heating by solar energy. V: HETSRONI, G... (ur.). Heat transfer 1990: proceedings of the ninth International heat transfer conference, Jerusalem, Israel, [August 19-24, 1990]. New York [etc.]: Hemisphere, str. 239-243. [COBISS-ID 2072603]
4. ARKAR, Ciril, MEDVED, Sašo, NOVAK, Peter: 1991, Dynamic method for solar system testing - measurement results and long term performance prediction of different SDHW systems. V: ARDEN, M. E. (ur.), BURLEY, Susan M. A. (ur.), COLEMAN, Martha (ur.). 1991 Solar World Congress : proceedings of the Biennial Congress of the International Solar Energy Society, Denver, Colorado, USA, 19-23 August 1991. 1st ed. Oxford [etc.]: Pergamon Press, Vol. 2, part I, 1381-1384. [COBISS-ID 2854171]
5. OMAN, Janez, NOVAK, Peter: 1991, Prediction of radiative properties of coal particles suitable for absorption of solar energy in gas. In: ARDEN, M. E. (ur.), BURLEY, Susan M. A. (ur.), COLEMAN, Martha (ur.). 1991 Solar World Congress : proceedings of the Biennial Congress of the International Solar Energy Society, Denver, Colorado, USA, 19-23 August 1991. 1st ed. Oxford [etc.]: Pergamon Press, Vol. 2, part II, 2129-2134. [COBISS-ID 2621211]
6. ARKAR, Ciril, MEDVED, Sašo, NOVAK, Peter: 1994, New proposal of ISO Standard for SDHW system testing method - introduction and first experiences. V: FRANKOVIĆ, Bernard (ur.). Međunarodni kongres (international congress) Energija i zaštita okoliša, Opatija, Croatia, 26-28 October 1994, Croatian Solar Energy Association, Vol.. 1, p. 291-297. [COBISS-ID 1850651]
7. EDVED, Sašo, ARKAR, Ciril, LAVRIČ, Igor, NOVAK, Peter: 1995, Large-scale solar heating systems in Slovenia. In: 1995 Workshop on Large-Scale Solar Heating, Vienna, October 5-7, 1995, and Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology, Building Services Engineering, p. 1-9. [COBISS-ID 2855707]
8. NOVAK, Peter: 1995, Sun in Slovenia (Sonce v Sloveniji). Voice of Unesco (Slov. ed.).[Slovenska izd.], May 48, No. 16, p. 50. [COBISS-ID 11417659]
9. Peter Novak et all: 1995, Master plan for the integration of renewable energy sources in European region part: Slovenia, CEC JOU2-CT92-0164,
10. STRITIH, Uroš, NOVAK, Peter: 1996, Solar heat storage wall for building ventilation. In: SAYIGH, A. A. M. (ur.). World Renewable Energy Congress, Denver, Colorado, 15-21 June 1996. Renewable energy, energy efficiency and the environment. Vol. 1, (Renewable energy, vol. 8, no. 1/4, special issue). [Oxford]: Pergamon press, . 268-271. [COBISS-ID 2296603]
11. MEDVED, Sašo, MEGLIČ, B., NOVAK, Peter: 1996, Solar ball: extremely light, efficient and low-cost cooker. In: SAYIGH, A. A. M.: World Renewable Energy Congress, Denver, Colorado, 15-21 June 1996. Renewable energy, energy efficiency and the environment, Vol. 2, (Renewable energy, vol. 9, no. 1/4, special issue), [Oxford]: Pergamon, cop. pg. 741-744. [COBISS-ID 2295579]
12. OMAN, Janez, NOVAK, Peter: 1996, Volumetric absorption in gas-properties of particles and particle-gas suspensions. Solar energy, Year 56, No. 6, pg. 597-606. [COBISS-ID 2037531]
13. NEMANIČ, Vincenc, NOVAK, Peter: 1996, Modern insulating materials and evacuated flat structures (Sodobni izolacijski materiali in evakuirane ploščate structure) Strojniški vestnik, 42, p. 5-6, p. 194-206, Ilustr. [COBISS-ID 15330]
14. STRITIH, Uroš, NOVAK, Peter: 1996, Numerical and experimental investigations of PCM solar wall. In: STEENHOVEN, A. A. van (ur.), HELDEN, W. G. J. van (ur.). Physical models for thermal energy stores: Proceedings of the Eurotherm Seminar n°49, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, March 25-27, 1996. Eindhoven: University of Technology, Str. 95-100. [COBISS-ID 2679579]
15. NOVAK, Peter, MEDVED, Sašo, ARKAR, Ciril: 1996, Low energy solar buildings with seasonal storage-evaluation. In: proceedings GOETZBERGER, A., LUTHER, J. EuroSunྜ, Freiburg, Germany, 1996. Euro Sunྜ and proceedings München, cop.: DGS-Sonnenenergie, Book 3, p. 1086-1090. [COBISS-ID 2298651]
16. NOVAK, Peter: 1997, Energy savings with panel heating (Energetski prihranki pri ploskovnem ogrevanju). J. EGES, January - June 1, Slov., 47-49. [COBISS-ID 2292763]
17. ARKAR, Ciril, MEDVED, Sašo, NOVAK, Peter: 1998, Long-term operation experiences with large-scale solar systems in Slovenia. In: SAYIGH, A. M. World Renewable Energy Congress V, Florence, Italy, 20-25 September 1998. Renewable energy, energy efficiency, policy and the environment. Part II, (Renewable energy, vol. 16, No. 1/4, special issue, January-April 1999). [Oxford]: Pergamon, 1999, cop. Str. 669-672. [COBISS-ID 2786587]
18. MEDVED, Sašo, NOVAK, Peter: 1998, Heat transfer through facade element composed with double pane window and ventilated insulation screen. In: SAYIGH, A. A. M. World Renewable Energy Congress V, Florence, Italy, 20-25 September 1998. Renewable energy, energy efficiency, policy and the environment. [Oxford]: Pergamon, cop. Part III, p. 1583-1586. [COBISS-ID 2976283]
19. Novak Peter, 2004, Energy resources and energy management for sustainable development, course for Utrecht International summer school, Ljubljana.
20. NOVAK, Peter: 2005,Wind energy technology review, report to the SeeBa, Germany.
21. NOVAK, Peter: 2006, Solar Research Strategy, Solar Research for Tomorrow, WREEC Congress, Tripoli, Libya, Key note paper.
22. Novak Peter, 2006: Big sun – Solar electricity for everybody, CD, WREEC Congress, Tripoli, Libya.
23. Novak Peter, 2007; Big sun – Solar electricity for North Africa, CD, International Congress Nicosia, Cyprus (Turkish)
24. NOVAK, Peter: 2006: HVAC Development Challenge for 21.st Century, Paper for KGH, Belgrade, HVAC conference Sinaia, Romunia, International Congress Energy and Environment (Međunarodni kongres Energija i okoliš, Opatija, Hrvatska, October, 2006
25. NOVAK, Peter: 2007, Slovenia - Low carbon society, why not? Presentation to the Member of the Globe, Slovenia and Slovenian Section Club of Rome.
26. Novak Peter, 2007: Energy and IEQ (Indoor Environment Quality) for sustainable housing" (Problems, Instruments and Approaches), EEA, CSCP conference Time for Action .., September 2007, Ljubljana

Examination:

Seminar, oral exam.

Students obligations:

Seminar, oral exam.

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