MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jožef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Characterization of Metallic Materials


Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, third-level study programme


prof. dr. Monika Jenko
doc. dr. Borivoj Šuštaršič
dr. Drago Torkar
prof. dr. Jelena Vojvodič - Tuma


Students gain basic theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of mechanical metallurgy and testing of metallic materials with theoretical basis and practical determination of mechanical properties students gain some specificity of numerical methods and modeling.

Students gain basic theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of film growth by all forms of sputter deposition, plasma techniques, and materials engineering in order to controllably manipulate microchemistry, microstructure, and, hence, physical properties of metals and alloys.
Students gain theoretical and practical knowledge of analytical techniques for characterization of thin and ultra thin films, and nano and microstructure and analytical methods for chemical analysis of metallic materials.


1. Introduction: features of crystal structure of metals and alloys, types of crystal defects and their influence on the properties of metals and alloys

2. Elastic and plastic deformation: mechanisms of elastic and plastic deformation, strengthening mechanisms of metals and alloys, the influence of strain rate and environment (atmosphere and temperature).

3. Mechanical properties and testing of metals: quasy static and dynamic testing, engineering and true stress-true strain diagram, yield point, ductility (elongation and contraction), Kf curves, bend and compressive test, torsion and shear test, hardness measurement, impact toughness, types of test samples, size and shape effect, standard and structural mechanical testing of metals and alloys

4. Fracture mechanics concepts and testing: static and dynamic fracture mechanics, linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), elastic-plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM), crack tip opening displacement, COD design curve, determination of plain strain fracture toughness fatigue KIC, (standardized and non-standard methods), determination of R curve, practical use of KIC and R, determination of JIC, standardized δ5crit., structural integrity assessment procedure (SINTAP), FAD and CDF diagram of metallic

5. Fatigue: cyclic loading or fatigue of metallic materials, high cycle fatigue, S-N curve, low cycle fatigue, crack growth, crack growth rate during fatigue (da/dN=f(ΔK)), determination of residual life of machine elements and
structures, plasticity and influences of crack closure, the influence of variable loading conditions, the influence of environment (corrosion), the influence of defect size (crack, inclusions, segregations), modeling of damage, fracture and life prediction

6. Creep: creep mechanisms, strain produced by creep, permanent stress, permanent strain creep tests, the influence of temperature and environment, determination of residual life by parametric methods, Evans Θ (theta) projection, combined damages (fatigue and creep), damage accumulation and residual life calculation of metallic structures

7. Fractography – study of fractured surface of
metals: characteristics and types of fracture in metallic materials, study of fractured surfaces, slip, plastic deformation and dislocations, mechanisms of fracture origin (ductile transgranular fracture, brittle cleavage fracture, fatigue fracture, intergranular fracture, fracture by creep, fracture in aggressive media)

7. Microstructural characterization of metals and alloys: metallography, optical and electron microscopy

8. Texture characterization of metals and alloys: X-ray diffraction and electron back scattered diffraction

9. Microstructural characterization of thin and ultra thin layers and surfaces of metals and alloys: scanning and transmission electron microscopy of metals and alloys

Course literature:

G. E. Dieter: Mechanical Metallurgy, Mc Graw-Hill Book Co, London, 1998. V. Tuma: Mehanske lastnosti kovin, Fakulteta za gradbeništvo, Univerza v Ljubljani, 2002
M. Janssen, J. Zuidema, R.J.H. Wanhill: Fracture Mechanics, DUP Blue Print, Delft University Press, Second Edition, Delft, Netherlands, 2002.
J. Zuidema, M. Janssen: Exercises on Fracture Mechanics, TU Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands, 2002.
Grahame Lawes, Editor: Arthur M. James, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis
P.J.Goodhew, Editors. Profesor Sir Nevill Mott, F.R.S. and G.R.Noakes
V.D.Scott, G.Love, S.J.B.Reed, Editors: Profesor Malcolm J. Cooper, John W. Mason, Quantitative electron-
Probe Microanalysis
V.Randle, Microtexture Determination and its applications Edited by Adam J. Schwartz, Mukul Kumar and Brent L. Adams, Electron Backscatter Diffraction in Materials Science
E.D.Hondros, M.P.Seah, S.Hoffman, P.Lejček: Interfacial and Surface Microchemistry in Physical Metallurgy –
R.W.Chan and Peter Haasen Eds, North Holland, Amsterdam 1996
E.D.Hondros, M.P.Seah, Int.Met.Rev.22,262(1977)D. Briggs M.P.Seah (Eds), Practical Surface Analysis,
Auger and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, John Wiley , Chichester 1994
J.du Plessis, Surface Segregation, Solid State Phenomena, Vol 11(1990), Sci-Tech Publications,
J.Nowotny, (Ed.), Interface Segregation and Related Process in Materials, Solid State Phenomena, Vol
15&16 (1991), Sci-Tech Publications, Liechtenstein
P.A.Dowben, A.Miller(Eds), Surface Segregation Phenomena, CRC Press 1990 NY
M.Wutz, H.Adam, W.Walcher, Theory and Practice of Vacuum Technology, Viewig, Braunschweig 1989
V. Marinković Mejne površine. Univerza v Ljubljani, 1999
D.Briggs, J.T.Grant (Edts), Surface Analysis by Auger and X.ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, IMP and
Surface Spectra, West Sussex 2003
J.M.LAFFERTY, Foundations of Vacuum Science and Technology, Wiley Interscience, 1998
P.A.REDHEAD, J.P.Hobson and E.V.Kornelsen: The Physical Basis of Ultrahigh Vacuum, American Vacuum
Society, 1993
A.ROTH: Vacuum Sealing Technique, American Vacuum Society, 1994
T.A.GIORGI and P. della PORTA: Residual Gases in Electron Tubes, Academic Press (London and New York),
A.H.SOMMER, Photoemissive Materials, John Wiley&Sons, Inc., (1987)
C.BOFFITO, Basic Properties and Metallurgy of Non-Evaporable getter Materials, 23rd
IUVSTA Workshop on
K.CHUNTONOV, New Material for Vapor Sources of Alkaline and Alkaline Earth Metals and a Method of its
Production, WO 2005/119725 A1, 2005
K.CHUNTONOV, New Gas Sorbents on the Basis of Intermetallic Compounds and a Method for Producing the
Same, EP 1 600 232 A1, 2005
Bray, D. E. and R. K. Stanley, 1997, Nondestructive Evaluation : A Tool for Design, Manufacturing and Service;
CRC Press, 1996
ASTM International, Annual Book of ASTM Standards Volume 03.03 Nondestructive Testing
ASTN, Nondestructive Testing Handbook
Chuck Hellier, Handbook of Nondestructive Evaluation, McGraw-Hill Professional; 2001
Peter J. Shull, Nondestructive Evaluation: Theory, Techniques, and Applications, Marcel Dekker Inc., 2002

Significant publications and references:

1(195)JENKO, Monika, KVEDER, Aleksander, TAVZES, Radovan, KANSKY, Evgen. Diffusion chromium coating of iron magnetic circuit parts for relays. J. vac. sci. technol., A, Vac. surf. films, 1990, vol. A3, no. 6, str. 2657-2660, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID73642]

2(198)JENKO, Monika, ERJAVEC, Bojan, PRAČEK, Borut. AES studies of surface phenomena on liquid indium solder. Vacuum. [Print ed.], 1990, vol. 40, no. 1/2, str. 77-80. [COBISS.SI-ID 18671877]

3(208).JENKO M., Vodopivec F., Grabke H.J. Viefhaus H., Lucas M., Godec M., Orientation dependent surface segregation of antimony on non-oriented electrical steel,Steel research 65, 11 ( 1994) 500-504

4(226) BATISTA, Jurka, PINTAR, Albin, MANDRINO, Djordje, JENKO, Monika, MARTIN, Vincent. XPS and TPR examinations of [gamma]-alumina-supported Pd-Cu catalysts. Appl. catal., A Gen.. [Print ed.], 2001, vol. 206, no. 2, str. 113-124. [COBISS.SI-ID 2246938]

5(220) ROZMAN, Janez, MILOŠEV, Ingrid, JENKO, Monika. Platinum stimulating electrodes in physiological media. J. med. eng. technol., May/June 2000, vol. 24, no. 3, str. 123-128, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 232874]

6(221) JENKO, Monika, FINE, J., MANDRINO, Djordje. Effects of selenium surface segregation on the texture of a selenium-doped FeSi alloy. Surf. interface anal., 2000, vol. 30, no. 1, str. 350-353, ilustr., graf. prikazi. [COBISS.SI-ID 232362]

7(222) JENKO, Monika, KOROUŠIĆ, Blaženko, Djordje Mandrino, Vasilij Prešern, HRAES study of oxide scale formation by decarburisation of non-oriented electrical steel sheets. Vacuum57 (2000) 295

8(231)GODEC, Matjaž, MANDRINO, Djordje, ŠUŠTARŠIČ, Borivoj, JENKO, Monika. Surface and electrical studies of Fe-Si-B powders for soft magnetic applications. Surf. interface anal., 2002, vol. 34, no. 1, str. 346-351. [COBISS.SI-ID 382815]

9(232) KRALJ, Marko, PERVAN, Petar, MILUN, Milorad, WANDELT, Klaus, MANDRINO, Djordje, JENKO, Monika. HRAES, STM and ARUPS study of (5 x 1) reconstructed V(1 0 0). Surf. sci.. [Print ed.], 2003, vol. 526, str. 166-176. [COBISS.SI-ID 263338]

10(233) JENKO, Monika, ERJAVEC, Bojan, MILUN, Milorad. High-resolution AES analysis and imaging of In-80Sn oxidized surface using field emission auger microprobe. Vacuum. [Print ed.], 2003, vol. 71, št. 1-2, str. 19-25. [COBISS.SI-ID 273322]

11(234) STEINER PETROVIČ, Darja, JENKO, Monika. A HRAES study of the morphology of non-metallic inclusions in non-oriented electrical steel containing Cu and Se. Vacuum. [Print ed.], 2003, vol. 71, št. 1-2, str. 33-40. [COBISS.SI-ID 273578]

12(238) SKOBIR, Danijela Anica, VODOPIVEC, Franc, KOSEC, Ladislav, et al. Influence of precipitates size and distribution on room temperature mechanical properties and accelerated creep of X20CrMoV 121; STEEL RES INT 75 (3): 196-203 MAR 2004

13(249) Janovec J, Pokluda J, JENKO M, et al., Influence of phosphorus enrichment at grain boundaries on energy of intergranular fracture in Fe-Si-P alloys, SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS 38 (4): 401-405 APR 2006


• seminar and oral exam

Students obligations:

• seminar and oral exam