MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jo˛ef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Microscopy of Nanomaterials


Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, third-level study programme


prof. dr. Maja Remškar


The students learn specific physical and chemical laws related to nanometric dimensions, methods of measurement of nanoparts in liquid and gaseous mediums and microscopic methods for their morphological, physical and chemical identification.


Morphological and crystallographic properties of organic and inorganic nanoparts: fibres, needles, spherical nanoparts which are smaller than 100 nm at least in one direction. Methods of collecting and sorting of nanoparts by size and mass in crystal and gaseous media (multistage impactors, electrostatic classification). Specific physical and chemical properties of low-dimensional systems. Self-arrangement, agglomeration, reconstructions, relaxations, phase transfers, quantum effects. Synthesis of equivalent nanoparts in laboratory conditions in adequate quantities for use of macroscopic characterization methods. Detection of chemical activity in reducing dimensions of nanoparts regarding biocompatibility and/or toxicity. Methods of characterization of nanomaterials: high-resolution transmission electronic microscopy, scanning electronic microscopy, scanning tunnel microscopy and spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, spectroscopy of electronic energy losses. Overview of the basic methods for accidental and/or intentional generation and emission of nanoparts into the work and general environment.

The cases under consideration will be adapted to the objectives and content of the postgraduate student's research project.

Course literature:

Marjamäki, M., Keskinen, J., Chen, D-R. and Pui, D. Y. H., “Performance Evaluation of the Electrical Low-Pressure Impactor
(ELPI)”, Journal of Aerosol Science 31:2, pp. 249-261, 2000.

Wang SC and Flagan RC, »Scanning electrical mobility spectrometer«, Aerosol Sci. And Tech. 13, 230-240, 1990.

»Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and applications«, A.S. Edelstein (editor), R.C. Cammarata (Editor), Institute of Physics Publishing, Oct. 1998.

ETC group, »No small matter II: The case for a global moratorium: Size Matters!, Occasional Paper Series, vol. 7, No. 1, April 2003.

C.J. Chen: »Introduction to scanning tunnelling microscopy« (Oxford Series in Optical and Imaging Sciences, 4), Oxford
University Press, 1993.

D.B. Williams, C.B. Carter: »Transmission electron microscopy: A textbook for material science«, Kluwer Academic/Plenum
Publishers, 1997

Significant publications and references:

REMŠKAR, Maja, VIRŠEK, Marko, JESIH, Adolf. WS[sub]2 nanotubes as a new hybrid nanomaterial. Nano lett. (Print), 2008, issue 1, vol. 8, str. 76-80.

REMŠKAR, Maja, MRZEL, Aleš, VIRŠEK, Marko, JESIH, Adolf. Inorganic nanotubes as nanoreactors: the first Mo[sub]S[sub]2 nanopods. Adv. mater. (Weinh.), 2007, vol. 19, str. 4276-4278.

REMŠKAR, Maja, KOVAČ, Janez, VIRŠEK, Marko, MRAK, Maja, JESIH, Adolf, SEABAUGH, A. W[sub]5O[sub](14) nanowires. Adv. funct. mater. (Print), 2007, vol. 17, no. 12, str. 1974-1978.

REMŠKAR, Maja, MRZEL, Aleš, JESIH, Adolf, KOVAČ, Janez. New composite MoS[sub]2-C[sub](60) crystals. Adv. mater. (Weinh.), 2005, vol. 17, str. 911-914.

REMŠKAR, Maja. Inorganic nanotubes. Adv. mater. (Weinh.), 2004, vol. 16, str. 1497-1504.

Remškar Maja, Škraba Z., Stadelmann, P., Levy, F. Puctural stabilization of new compounds : MoS2 and WS2 micro-and nanotubes alloyed with gold and silver. Adv. mater. (Weinh.), 12, 814-818 (2000).

Remškar Maja, Tenne, R., Hasse, G. The effect of subpate topography on the local electronic pucture of WS2 nanotubes. Chem. Phys. Lett.. [Print ed.], 344, 434-440 (2001).

M. Remškar, A. Mrzel, Z. Škraba, A. Jesih, M. Čeh, J. Demšar, P. Stadelmann, F. Levy, D. Mihailovic, Self-assembly of subnanometer-diameter single-wall MoS2 nanotubes. Science (Wash. D.C.). 292, 479-481 (2001).

Remškar Maja, Mrzel, A., Jesih, A., Levy, F., Metal-alloyed NbS2 nanotubes synthesized by the self-assembly of nanoparticles. Adv. mater. (Weinh.), 14, 680-684 (2002).

Remškar M., Mrzel A., Sanjines R., Cohen H., Levy F., Metallic sub-nanometer MoS(1-x)Iy nanotubes. Adv. mater. (Weinh.), 15, 237-240 (2003).


• seminar and oral exam

Students obligations:

• seminar and oral exam