MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jožef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Advanced Metallic Materials


Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, third-level study programme


prof. dr. Monika Jenko
doc. dr. Borivoj Šuštaršič
prof. dr. Vojteh Leskovšek


The course will provide theoretical and practical knowledge of advanced metallic materials, insight to materials science and engineering of metallic materials, properties of metallic materials, structure.
The course will provide the development of an atomic level understanding of atom/surface interactions during the dynamic process of vapor-phase or adsorption/ segregation thin and ultra thin film growth in order to control, manipulate microchemistry of metallic materials, microstructure, and, hence, physical properties of metallic materials. The next chapter discuss materials classification and the basics of advanced metallic materials. The course will provide the basic knowledge of microstructure evolution of metals and alloys, metallurgical thermodynamics and phase diagrams constitution.
The course will provide knowledge of temperature dependent properties and phase transformation of metallic materials.


1) Materials science and engineering of metallic materials: structure of metallic materials, properties, processing, advanced metallic materials, »HI-tech« metallurgy

2) Atomic structure and bonding: Fundamentals of Electron theory of metals, Bonding Forces and Energies of metallic materials

3) Crystal structure: Fundamental Concepts of Crystallography, Unit cells, Metallic Crystal Structures, Amorphous materials, Crystalline and Non-crystalline Materials, Single crystals, Polycrystalline Materials

4) Imperfection in Crystals: Point defects, Linear and defects, dislocations and stacking faults in crystals Vacancies, Interstitials and substitutions; Impurities in solids; surface relaxation and reconstruction of metallic materials

5) Diffusion processes in metals and alloys

6) Mechanical properties of metallic materials: Elastic deformation, Plastic Deformation, Inelasticity, Elastic Properties of Materials, Tensile Properties, Elastic Recovery During Plastic Deformation, Hardness, fracture, fatigue, creep

7) Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms; Mechanisms of Strengthening in Metals; Recovery, Recrystallization and Grain Growth in metallic materials

8) Phase diagrams in metallurgy: Constitution of equilibrium metallic phase diagrams, binary, ternary and multi component systems, the Gibbs Phase Rule, Phases, solubility in crystal cells of metals (substitutions, interstitials) Implementation of basic systems Fe-Fe3C diagram Al -X, Mg-X, Cu-X etc for better understanding of production processes in Slovenian industry.

9) Phase Transformations in Metals the Kinetics of Solid-State Reactions (nucleation, growth); multiphase transformations,and physico chemical changes of Properties in metals and alloys, Isothermal and polythermal Transformation Diagrams (TTT diagrams)

10) Thermal Processing of Metal Alloys

11) Electrical Properties of Metals

12) Microstructure of metallic materials Basic
aspects, soldification microstructure soldification processes, microstructure elements (phases, grain boundaries) metallurgical termodynamics and phase diagrams

13) Development of microstructure of metallic materials basic aspects, microstrucural changes stimulated by interfacial-energy reduction, Deformation, Multiphase microstructures generated by migrating lattice deffects, Microstructure due to lattice defects formed, by migrating grain boundaries

14) Nanostructured metallic materials

15) Deagradation of metallic materials, high temperature oxidation, corrosion

Course literature:

1. Materials Science and Engineering: Introduction; 6th edition, W.D: Callister, (John Willey, 2003)
2. Engineering Materials Science M Ohring(elsevier 1995)
3. Phase transformation in Metals and alloys 2nd edition, D.a.Porter, K.E. Eastrling (CRC Press, Taylor Francis group,2004)
4. Physical Metallurgy; 4th edition, R.W.Chan, P.Haasen editors (North Holland 1996)
5. Structure of Metals, 3rd edition C.S: Barret, T.B.Massalski, (Pergamon Press, 1993)
6. Microstructure, H. Gleiter in Physical Metallurgy; 4th edition, R.W.Chan, P.Haasen editors; p 844-942 (North Holland 1996)
7. Interfaces in Crystalline materials, A.P.Sputton and R.W. Ballufi (Oxford University Press1995)
8. Structure of Metals, 3rd edition C.S: Barret, T.B.Massalski, (Pergamon Press, 1993)
9. Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis, J.Goldstein, D. Newbury, D.Joy, C.Lyman, P.Echlin, E.Lifshin, L Sawyer and J. Michael, 3rd edition (Cluwer Academic Plenum Publishers, 2003)
10. Surface analysis by AES and XPS, Edts. D.Briggs and J.T.Grant (surface Spectra and IMPublications, 2003)
11. Materials Science and Engineering; 6th edition, W.D: Callister, (John Willey, 2003)
12. F. N. Rhines: Phase Diagrams in Metallurgy
13. R. A. Alberty & R. J. Silbey: Physical Chemistry
14. D. H. Andrews: Introductory Physical Chemistry
15. O. Kubaschewski & C. B. Alcock: Metallurgical Thermochemistry
16. W. J. Moore: Physical Chemistry
17. G.F: Balandin: Kristallisation und Kristallstructure in Gusstucken
18. W. Pollack: Materials Science and Metallurgy
19. Robert DeHoff: Thermodynamics in Materials Science, Taylor & Francis, Boca Raton, 2006
20. E. Machlin: An Introduction to aspects of Thermodynamics and Kinetics to Materials Science, Elsevier, 2000
21. David V. Ragone: Thermodynamics of Materials, Volume 1, John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd., 1994
22. David Gaskell; Introduction To The Thermodynamics Of Materials, Taylor & Francis, 1995

Significant publications and references:

1(195)JENKO, Monika, KVEDER, Aleksander, TAVZES, Radovan, KANSKY, Evgen. Diffusion chromium coating of iron magnetic circuit parts for relays. J. vac. sci. technol., A, Vac. surf. films, 1990, vol. A3, no. 6, str. 2657-2660, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID73642]

2(198)JENKO, Monika, ERJAVEC, Bojan, PRAČEK, Borut. AES studies of surface phenomena on liquid indium solder. Vacuum. [Print ed.], 1990, vol. 40, no. 1/2, str. 77-80. [COBISS.SI-ID 18671877]

3(208).JENKO M., Vodopivec F., Grabke H.J. Viefhaus H., Lucas M., Godec M., Orientation dependent surface segregation of antimony on non-oriented electrical steel,Steel research 65, 11 ( 1994), 500-504

4(226) BATISTA, Jurka, PINTAR, Albin, MANDRINO, Djordje, JENKO, Monika, MARTIN, Vincent. XPS and TPR examinations of [gamma]-alumina-supported Pd-Cu catalysts. Appl. catal., A Gen.. [Print ed.], 2001, vol. 206, no. 2, str. 113-124. [COBISS.SI-ID 2246938]

5(220) ROZMAN, Janez, MILOŠEV, Ingrid, JENKO, Monika. Platinum stimulating electrodes in physiological media. J. med. eng. technol., May/June 2000, vol. 24, no. 3, str. 123-128, ilustr. [COBISS.SI-ID 232874]

6(221) JENKO, Monika, FINE, J., MANDRINO, Djordje. Effects of selenium surface segregation on the texture of a selenium-doped FeSi alloy. Surf. interface anal., 2000, vol. 30, no. 1, str. 350-353, ilustr., graf. prikazi. [COBISS.SI-ID 232362]

7(222) JENKO, Monika, KOROUŠIĆ, Blaženko, Djordje Mandrino, Vasilij Prešern, HRAES study of oxide scale formation by decarburisation of non-oriented electrical steel sheets. Vacuum57 (2000) 295

8(231)GODEC, Matjaž, MANDRINO, Djordje, ŠUŠTARŠIČ, Borivoj, JENKO, Monika. Surface and electrical studies of Fe-Si-B powders for soft magnetic applications. Surf. interface anal., 2002, vol. 34, no. 1, str. 346-351. [COBISS.SI-ID 382815]

9(232) KRALJ, Marko, PERVAN, Petar, MILUN, Milorad, WANDELT, Klaus, MANDRINO, Djordje, JENKO, Monika. HRAES, STM and ARUPS study of (5 x 1) reconstructed V(1 0 0). Surf. sci.. [Print ed.], 2003, vol. 526, str. 166-176. [COBISS.SI-ID 263338]

10(233) JENKO, Monika, ERJAVEC, Bojan, MILUN, Milorad. High-resolution AES analysis and imaging of In-80Sn oxidized surface using field emission auger microprobe. Vacuum. [Print ed.], 2003, vol. 71, št. 1-2, str. 19-25. [COBISS.SI-ID 273322]

11(234) STEINER PETROVIČ, Darja, JENKO, Monika. A HRAES study of the morphology of non-metallic inclusions in non-oriented electrical steel containing Cu and Se. Vacuum. [Print ed.], 2003, vol. 71, št. 1-2, str. 33-40. [COBISS.SI-ID 273578]

12(238) SKOBIR, Danijela Anica, VODOPIVEC, Franc, KOSEC, Ladislav, et al. Influence of precipitates sizeand distribution on room temperature mechanical properties and accelerated creep of X20CrMoV 121; STEEL RES INT 75 (3): 196-203 MAR 2004

13(249) Janovec J, Pokluda J, JENKO M, et al., Influence of phosphorus enrichment at grain boundaries on energy of intergranular fracture in Fe-Si-P alloys, SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS 38 (4): 401-405 APR 2006


• seminar and oral exam

Students obligations:

• seminar and oral exam