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Jožef Stefan
International
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10
Email: info@mps.si

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Course Description

Surfaces and Interfaces

Program

Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, third-level study programme

Lecturers:

dr. Erik Zupanič
prof. dr. Albert Prodan

Goals:

Students will acquire a better understanding of the basic physical properties of surfaces and interfaces. An overview will also be given of the important experimental methods and measuring techniques for surface analysis.

Content:

• The structure of crystal surfaces;
• Adsorption and growth of thin films from the gas phase;
• Electronic properties of surfaces;
• Phase transitions and reconstructions at solid surfaces;

• Surface energy of solids and liquids, ahesion;
• Interfaces of liquid and soft matter;
• Forces between surfaces, DLVO-theory and stability of colloids;

• The use of diffraction methods in surface analysis;
• Auger (AES), X-ray photoemission (XPS) and secondary ion mass (SIMS) spectroscopies;
• Transmission electron microscopy;
• Scanning tunneling (STM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopies.

Course literature:

1. H. Luth, Surfaces and interfaces of solid materials, Springer, 1993.
2. J. Israelachvili, Intermolecular and Surface Forces, Academic Press, 1992.
3. L.C.Feldman, J.W.Mayer, Fundamentals of surface and thin film analysis, NorthHolland, 1986.
4. R. Wiesendanger, Scanning probe microscopy, Springer, 1998.
5. M.Prutton, Introduction to Surface Physics, Oxford University Press, 1998.
6. J.T.Yates, Experimental Innovations in Surface Science, Springer-Verlag, 1998.

Significant publications and references:

I.Muševič, R.Blinc, B.Žekš, The physics of ferroelectric and antiferroelectric liquid crystals, Singapore, World Scientific, cop. 2000. XII, 668 str., ilustr. ISBN 981-02-0325-X.

A.V.Kityk, I.Muševič, G.Slak, A.Fuith and R.Blinc, Observation of an incommensurately modulated structure in dielectrics by an atomic force microscope, Europhysics Letters 36, pp.373-378(1996).

M.M.Wittebrood, Th.Rasing, S.Stallinga, I.Muševič, Confinement effects on the collective excitations in thin nematic films, Physical Review Letters 80, pp. 1232-1235(1998)

K.Kočevar, A.Borštnik, I.Muševič, S.Žumer, Capillary condensation of a nematic liquid crystal observed by force spectroscopy, Physical Review Letters 86, pp. 5914-5918(2001)

K.Kočevar. I.Muševič, Forces in the isotropic phase of a confined nematic liquid crystal 5CB. Phys. Rev., E Stat. phys. plasmas fluids relat., 2001, vol. 64, str. 051711-051711-8.

A. Prodan, V. Marinković, M. Rojšek, N. Jug, H. J. P. van Midden, F. W. Boswell, J. C. Bennett and H. Böhm, The Surface Superstructures in Niobium Disulfide and Diselenide Intercalated by Cu, Co and Fe, Surf. Sci., 476/1-2, 71-77 (2001).

A. Prodan, N. Jug, H. J. P. van Midden, H. Böhm, F. W. Boswell and J. C. Bennett, An alternative model for the structural modulation in NbSe3 and TaS3, Phys. Rev. B64, 115423 (2001).

S. W. Hla, A. Prodan, H. J. P. van Midden, Atomistic Stress Fluctuation at Surfaces and Edges of Epitaxially Grown Silver Nanorods, Nano Lett., 4, 1221-1224 (2004).

A. Prodan, N. Jug, H. J. P. van Midden, F. W. Boswell, J. C. Bennett and H. Böhm, Intercalation and Surface Supported Charge Density Waves in Nb3X4 (X = S, Se, Te), Ferroelectrics, 305, 89-93 (2004).

R. L. Withers, H. J. P. van Midden, A. Prodan, R. Vincent and J. Schoenes, Charge Density Waves, Fermi surfaces and the anomalous electrical transport properties of UAsSe and ThAsSe, J. Sol. St. Chem., 179, 2190-2198 (2006).

P. Starowicz, C. Battaglia, F. Clerc, L. Despont, A. Prodan, H. J. P. van Midden, U. Szerer, A. Szytula, M. G. Garnier and P. Aebi, Electronic structure of ZrTe3, J. of Alloys and Comp., 442, 268-271 (2007).

Examination:

Seminar or oral exam.

Students obligations:

Seminar or oral exam.

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