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Jo˛ef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Spectroscopy and Microscopy


Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, second-level study programme


prof. dr. Miran Čeh
prof. dr. Sašo Šturm
prof. dr. Goran Dražić
prof. dr. Vid Bobnar


Students will gain an overview of spectroscopic and microscopic techniques for studying electronic and magnetic properties of solid state systems and to characterize structure and chemical composition of solid materials on micro-, nano- and atomic scale. They will get acquainted with a broad range of experimental techniques that are available at the Jožef Stefan Institute.


1. Introduction:
Electronic structure
Magnetic properties
Symmetry in solids
Light-matter interaction
Electron-matter interaction
Electron optics
Image formation in SEM, TEM
2. Spectroscopic and microscopic techniques:
Spectroscopy in the Infrared
Reflectivity measurements
Infrared Spectroscopy of Phonons
Fourier Transform Spectroscopy
Raman and Reyleigh Scattering
Ultrafast real-time techniques
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Electron Spin Resonance
Neutron Scattering (elastic and inelastic)
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
Transmission electron microscopy (TEM, CTEM, HRTEM)
Electron diffraction (SAD, micro-diffraction)
Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM, HAADF-STEM)
Scanning probe microscopy (SPM): scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM)
Microanalysis: energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), wave-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (WDXS), electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS).

Course literature:

1. Spectroscopy:
Charles Kittel, “Introduction to Solid State Physics”
H. Kuzmanny, “Solid-State Spectroscopy: An Introduction”
G. Grüner and M. Dressel, “Electrodynamics of Solids: Optical Properties of Electrons in Matter”
Donald A. McQuarrie and John D. Simon, “Physical Chemistry – A molecular approach”
Amon Yariv, " Optical Electronics in Modern Communications"
David Jiles, " Magnetism and Magnetic Materials"
W. Demtröder, Laser spectroscopy, 2nd. Ed.
2. Microscopy:
J. I. Goldstein et al., Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Microanalysis, Plenum Press, 1992
D. C. Joy, Principles of Analytical Electron Microscopy, Plenum Press, 1986
D. B. Williams, C. B. Carter, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Plenum Press, 1996
Ludwig Reimer, Transmission Electrons Microscopy, Springer, 1997
R. Wiesendanger, Scanning probe microscopy and spectroscopy, Methods and applications, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994

Significant publications and references:

1. Doc. dr. Miran Čeh
M. Čeh, Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) of Ruddlesden-Popper faults in nonstoichiometric CaTiO3, Acta chim. slov., 48, 63-76 (2001).
M. Remškar, A. Mrzel, Z. Škraba, A Jesih, M. Čeh, J. Demšar, P. Stadelmann, F. Levy, D. Mihailović, Self-assembly of subnanometer-diameter single-wall MoS2 nanotubes, Science (Wash. D.C.), 292, 479-481 (2001).
T. Yamazaki, N. Nakanishi, A Rečnik, M. Kawasaki, K. Watanabe, M, Čeh, M. Shiojiri, Quantitative high-resolution HAADF-STEM analysis of inversion boundaries in Sb2O3-doped zinc oxide, Ultramicroscopy, 98, 305-316 (2004).
M. Shiojiri, M. Čeh, S. Šturm, C.C. Chuo, J.T. Hsu, J.R. Yang, H. Saijo, Structural and compositional analyses of a strained AlGan/GaN superlattice, J. appl. phys., 100, 03110-1-03110-7 (2006).
H.L. Tsai, T.Y. Wang, J.R. Yang, C.C. Chuo, J.T. Hsu, M. Čeh, M. Shiojiri, Structural analysis of strained p-type AlGaN/GaN superlattice, J. appl. phys., 101, 023521-1-023521-6. 2007

2. Doc. dr. Jure Demšar
- DEMŠAR, Jure, SARRAO, John L., TAYLOR, Antoinette J. Dynamics of photoexcited qausiparticles in heavy electron compounds. J. phys., Condens. matter, 2006, vol. 18, str. R281-R314.
- DEMŠAR, Jure, THORSMOLLE, Verner K., SARRAO, John L., TAYLOR, Antoinette J. Photoexcited electron dynamics in Kondo insulators and heavy fermions. Phys. rev. lett., vol. 2006, str. 037401-1-037401-4.
- KABANOV, Viktor V., DEMŠAR, Jure, MIHAILOVIĆ, Dragan. Kinetics of a superconductor excited with a femtosecond optical pulse. Phys. rev. lett., 2005, vol. 95, str. 147002-1-147002-4
- DEMŠAR, Jure,et al., Pair-breaking and superconducting state recovery dynamics in MgB[sub]2. Phys. rev. lett., 2003, vol. 91, str. 267002-1-267002-4.
- REMŠKAR, Maja, MRZEL, Aleš, ŠKRABA, Zora, JESIH, Adolf, ČEH, Miran, DEMŠAR, Jure, SADELMANN, Pierre, LÉVY, Francis, MIHAILOVIĆ, Dragan. Self-assembly of subnanometer-diameter single-wall MoS[sub]2 nanotubes. Science (Wash. D.C.), 2001, vol. 292, str. 479-481.
- DEMŠAR, Jure, PODOBNIK, Boštjan, KABANOV, Viktor V., WOLF, Th., MIHAILOVIĆ, Dragan. Superconducting gap[Delta][sub]c, pseudogap [Delta][sub]p and pair fluctuations above T[sub]c in overdoped Y[sub](1-x)Ca[sub]xBa[sub]2Cu[sub]3O[sub](7-[delta]) from femtosecond time-domain spectrometry. Phys. rev. lett., 1999, vol. 82, str. 4918-4921.


Seminar and oral examination.

Students obligations:

Seminar and oral examination.