MPŠ MP&Scaron MP&Scaron MP&Scaron Avtorji

Jožef Stefan
Postgraduate School

Jamova 39
SI-1000 Ljubljana

Phone: +386 1 477 31 00
Fax: +386 1 477 31 10


Course Description

Fundamentals of Materials Chemistry


Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, second-level study programme


dr. Matjaž Spreitzer
doc. dr. Boštjan Jančar


The objective is that upon successful complition of the course students from different undergraduate programs understand basics of crystal structures, defects in crystals, solid- state thermodynamics, diffusion in solids and microstructure development in materials. The acquired knowledge should enable understanding of similarities and differences between individual groups of functional materials.


1. Introduction to chemical bonding:
-electronic orbitals,
-valence bond theory,
-molecular orbital theory,
-electronic structure of crystals,
-crystal field theory.

2. Introduction to crystal structures
-symmetry elements,
-point and space groups,
-fundamentals of X-ray and electron diffraction,
-single crystal and powder diffraction techniques,
-crystal structure refinement.

3. Defects in crystals:
-thermodynamics of point defects,
- Kroeger-Vink notation of point defects,
-quasi-chemical approach to point-defect equilibrium,
-Brouwer diagrams,
-point-defect interactions,
-determination of point defects,
-line and planar faults.

4. Solid-state chemical kinetics:
-macroscopic description of diffusion
-atomistic description of diffusion
-non-reciprocal diffusion
-types and determination of diffusion coefficients

5. Phase equilibria in solid systems:
-basics of thermodynamic equilibrium,
-binary phase diagrams,
-ternary phase diagrams.

6. Microstructure:
-basics of ceramic materials,
-theory of solid-state sintering,
-development of microstructure,
-advanced methods of densification.

Course literature:

A. F. Wells. Structural Inorganic Chemistry. Oxford University Press (1984). ISBN-13: 978-0198553700.

A. R. West. Solid State Chemistry and Its Applications. John Wiley $ Sons (2014). ISBN-13: 978-1119942948.

C. Giacovazzo, H. L. Monaco, G. Artioli, et al. Fundamentals of Crystallography. Oxford University Press (2011). ISBN-13: 978-0199573660.

V. Pecharsky, P. Zavalij. Fundamentals of Powder Diffraction and Structural Characterization of Materials. Springer Science+Business Media (2009). ISBN-13: 978-0387095783.

H. Mehrer. Diffusion in Solids. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (2007). ISBN-13: 978-3540714866.

Y-M. Chiang, D. P. Birnie, W. D. Kingery. Physical Ceramics: Principles for Ceramic Science and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons (1997). ISBN-13: 978-0471598732.

Significant publications and references:

LOGAR, Manca, BRAČKO, Ines, POTOČNIK, Anton, JANČAR, Boštjan. Cu and CuO/titanate nanobelt based network assemblies for enhanced visible light photocatalysis. Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, 2014, vol. 30, issue 16, 4852-4862,

ŠTURM, Sašo, JANČAR, Boštjan. Microstructure characterization of advanced ceramics. V: SHEN, Zhijian (ur.), KOSMAČ, Tomaž (ur.). Advanced ceramics for dentistry. Amsterdam ... [et al.]: Elsevier, cop. 2014, 151-170,

VENGUST, Damjan, JANČAR, Boštjan, ŠESTAN, Andreja, PONIKVAR-SVET, Maja, BUDIČ, Bojan, SUVOROV, Danilo. Chemical decomposition as a likely source of ambient and thermal instabilities of layered sodium cobaltate. Chemistry of materials, ISSN 0897-4756. [Print ed.], 2013, vol. 25, no. 23, 4791-4797,

JANČAR, Boštjan, SUVOROV, Danilo. Microwave ceramics. V: RIEDEL, Ralf (ur.), CHEN, I-Wei (ur.). Ceramics science and technology. Volume 4, Applications. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2013, str. 323-344,

OTONIČAR, Mojca, ŠKAPIN, Srečo D., JANČAR, Boštjan, SUVOROV, Danilo. Structural diversity of the (Na[sub](1_x)K[sub]x)[sub](0.5)Bi[sub](0.5)TiO[sub]3 perovskite at the morphotropic phase boundary. Journal of applied physics, ISSN 0021-8979, 2013, vol. 113, no. 2, 024106-1-024106-11,

KREMENOVIĆ, Aleksandar, JANČAR, Boštjan, RISTIĆ, Mira, VUČINIĆ-VASIĆ, Milica, ROGAN, Jelena, PAČEVSKI, Aleksandar, ANTIĆ, Bratislav. Exchange-bias and grain-surface relaxations in nanostructured NiO/ Ni induced by a particle size reduction. The journal of physical chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and interfaces, ISSN 1932-7447, 2012, vol. 116, no. 7, 4356-4364,

BRAČKO, Ines, JANČAR, Boštjan, LOGAR, Manca, CAGLIČ, Dejan, SUVOROV, Danilo. Silver nanoparticles on titanate nanobelts via the self-assembly of weak polyelectrolytes : synthesis and photocatalytic properties. Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, 2011, vol. 22, issue 8, 085705-1-085705-11,

OTONIČAR, Mojca, ŠKAPIN, Srečo D., JANČAR, Boštjan. TEM analyses of the local crystal and domain structures in (Na[sub](1-x)K[sub]x)[sub](0.5)Bi(0.5)TiO[sub]3 perovskite ceramics. IEEE transactions on ultrasonics, ferroelectrics, and frequency control, ISSN 0885-3010, 2011, vol. 58, no. 9, 1928-1938,

KOENIG, Jakob, SPREITZER, Matjaž, JANČAR, Boštjan, SUVOROV, Danilo. Uniaxial stress dependence of the dielectric properties in the Na[sub](0.5)Bi[sub](0.5)TiO[sub]3-NaTaO[sub]3 system. Journal of materials research, ISSN 0884-2914, 2010, vol. 25, no. 9, 1784-1792.


- oral exam
- seminar presentation

Students obligations:

- oral exam
- seminar presentation